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Foodie Friday: Nausea Remedies


Cancer experts generally point out that everyone’s experience with cancer and cancer treatments is different, but one thing that is common to around 70% of  individuals undergoing cancer treatment is nausea.

While the symptoms will disappear once treatment is completed, it is a good idea to feed your child anti-nausea foods while undergoing Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy or any other treatments/medications that make them nauseous.

Below are recipes for some foods that can help alleviate or minimise some of the nausea that can come with chemotherapy and radiation treatments.

Some general rules of thumb for cooks: keep portions small, keep the room cool, and keep cooking odours to a minimum (too much food, strong food aromas, and hot temperatures can also trigger nausea).

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Reduction in Radiotherapy for Childhood Brain Tumours Unsucessful


A research study, Radiotherapy after high-dose chemotherapy with autologous hematopoietic cell rescue: Quality assessment of Head Start III, published in Paediatric Blood & Cancer, shows that reduced Radiation Therapy results in worse outcomes.

This study shows that attention to the timing, dose, and location of radiation therapy is crucial,” Kenneth K. Wong, MD, a radiation oncologist at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles and first author on the study.

The paper is a qualitative assessment of the Head Start III trial which avoids or delays Radiation Therapy in children with brain tumours. The studies represent an innovative approach to the treatment of malignant brain tumours – using high dose Chemotherapy followed by transfusion of blood stem cells – as a substitute for radiation in younger children, where the late side effects of radiation to the developing brain can be particularly detrimental. If disease persists after this course of treatment or if the child is older, they receive radiation therapy.

In the latest Head Start III study, only 31 of 220 children received radiation – of those, a subset (8 of 25), consisting of  children 6 years of age or younger, had deviations from the treatment plan.

Parents or providers may want to delay the start of radiation or reduce the dose or area of exposure – particularly in very young children,” said Wong. “But in a study already limiting radiation exposure – patients with these kinds of protocol violations experienced worse outcomes.”

Patients that received radiation therapy treatment according to protocol and within 11 weeks of recovery from stem cell transfusion showed improved overall survival.

 

Cancer-Detecting Gum May Soon Be Available: Fact or Fiction?


On April 10, 2017, Fox News published an article, Chew on this: Cancer-Detecting Gum May Soon Be Available, which stated that “soon there may be a new chewing gum that could help save your life.”

The article went on to say:

The gum absorbs what are known as “volatiles” in a person’s saliva as they chew it, then the chewed gum is analyzed to determine whether it contains certain chemicals produced in the body when a person has cancer.

Katherine Bazemore, president and CEO of Volatile Analysis explained that there are chemicals produced in the body called volatile organic compounds, and they are unique to each type of cancer. By determining which of those compounds are found in the gum, doctors can tell which type of cancer is present in the patient.

The gum is still in the testing stage so it may be too early to determine how well it will work. But the company is hoping to make the gum available to doctors and patients sometime next year.

While you may not be able to blow bubbles with it, Bazemore promises the gum will come in flavors that taste just like candy.

Now this sounds FANTASTIC, but is it the truth?

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Foodie Friday: Nutritious Snacks


As we all know, eating while dealing with the ravages of Childhood Cancer and the side-effects of Childhood Cancer Treatments can be challenging, but at the same time, it is vital that anyone with cancer eat nutritious meals and snacks in order to build up their immune system to fight the cancer and stay strong.

It is not always easy to get someone with cancer to eat though, due to mouth sores, weakness, nausea, and the fact that treatments sometimes leave a metallic taste in the mouth or just make food taste different.

Today we bring you some recipes found on a Pancreatic Cancer website that were devised by professional chefs and nutritionists for those with pancreatic cancer because of their extreme challenges in a patient’s diet and nutritional needs due to their digestive issues. While these recipes were devised for pancreatic cancer patients, they will be just a nutritious and beneficial to any cancer patient.

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Phytochemicals & the Fight Against Cancer


Children facing the demands of cancer treatment must eat healthily in order to get the nutrients that can fuel the body and aid in healing as well as assist in maintaining a healthy weight.

Special nutritional challenges are bound to arise throughout treatment because the side-effects of Childhood Cancer and Cancer Treatment Therapies such as Chemotherapy & Radiation Therapy can result in changes in your eating habits and differences in the way your body uses nutrients. Nutritional needs and eating habits are affected differently depending on the type of cancer and its treatment.

Phytochemicals are naturally occurring plant chemicals (phyto means plant in Greek). They provide plants with colour, odour and flavour. Once we eat them, however, research shows they can influence the chemical processes inside our bodies in helpful ways.

Findings from laboratory studies have shown that phytochemicals have the potential to:

  • Stimulate the immune system
  • Block substances we eat, drink and breathe from becoming carcinogens
  • Reduce the kind of inflammation that makes cancer growth more likely
  • Prevent DNA damage and help with DNA repair
  • Reduce the kind of oxidative damage to cells that can spark cancer
  • Slow the growth rate of cancer cells
  • Trigger damaged cells to commit suicide before they can reproduce
  • Help to regulate hormones

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Childhood Cancer & Infertility


Whether your baby, toddler or young child who is currently caught up in the fight of their lives against cancer will eventually be able to have children or not is probably the last thing on your mind, but it may be something that you should take into consideration…

Some cancer treatments do not affect a child’s growing reproductive system, but others can damage a girl’s ovaries, which contain eggs, or a boy’s testes, which contain sperm. This damage may make it impossible to have a baby for a short period after completing cancer therapy or for the rest of the person’s life.

Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, and other cancer treatments can be very effective at doing their job, but what makes them good at fighting cancer can also cause side effects.

One of the side-effects of cancer treatments can affect the reproductive organs and have long-term effects on a child’s reproductive health. Side effects such as reduced fertility as a result of cancer treatments are known as late effects.

Your child’s risk of having late effects depends on his or her diagnosis, the type of treatment your child is getting, and the dosages. Everyone is different so it’s best to discuss the subject with your child’s medical team.

Your child’s doctor should be able to tell you whether their cancer treatment regimen is likely to have short- or long-term effects on your child’s reproductive health or not.

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Do Childhood Cancer Survivors have a Genetic Risk for Future Cancers?


According to the first large-scale whole-genome sequencing study on Childhood Cancer Survivors, approximately 12% of them have genetic mutations that put them or their children at risk for future cancers.

Previous studies include Second Primary Cancers in Survivors of Childhood Cancer, published in The Lancet in 2009, a registry-based report about a Nordic cohort of 47 697 childhood cancer survivors reported that “The overall risk of second primary cancers was 2·3-fold greater than that in the general population. In two large cohorts of 14 581 individuals who had survived for 5 years or more (USA, Childhood Cancer Survivor Study) and 16 541 who had survived for 3 years or more (UK, population-based study), the risk was reported to be 6·4-fold2 and 5·8-fold3 greater, respectively, than that in the general population.”

The findings from St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital’s latest whole genome sequencing of cancer survivors study was recently presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) 2017 Annual Meeting, and highlights the previously under-appreciated role that genetics plays in second neoplasms (SNs).

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Foodie Friday: Smoothie, Salad, Strudel & Sexy Herbed Chicken


Another busy week has flown by and it is weekend again – more important, it is Foodie Friday!

Once again we have been very busy researching the best foods for those fighting cancer and bring you another full day’s meals that we hope that both you and your Little Fighter will enjoy.

While we are currently only doing these recipes in posts, we will be updating our website soon and will then also include a separate section for recipes in the different genres so that  you will easily be able to look and find the perfect recipe whenever you want for whatever occasion… we will still continue to do our Foodie Friday posts too though.

Keeping in theme with yesterday’s post, todays recipes contain all those oh-so-important nutrients that are vital for fighting cancer – enjoy!

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7 Key Cancer-Fighting Nutrients & the Food they are In


We all basically know that we need nutrients to keep us healthy, but what exactly are nutrients and where do we find them? It is no good knowing what we need if we do not know where to find it, and vitamin and mineral supplements just do not do the trick; we need natural nutrients for health and cancer protection.

Children with Cancer, especially, need as many nutrients as possible to help fight the cancer as well as the side-effects from cancer treatments such as Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy.

According to research by the American Institute for Cancer Research, getting our nutrients from foods will give one a powerful mix of health-promoting substances.

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Caution Called for in Development of Drugs for Most Common Malignant Paediatric Brain Tumour


Researchers led by St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists have worked out how a crucial cancer-related protein, a “histone writer” called Ezh2, plays a role in suppressing as well as driving the most aggressive form of the brain tumour medulloblastoma.

Ezh2 is a histone writer, an enzyme that can tag or label other proteins in a way that turns off genes. The new findings, which appear online in Cell Reports, show that unlike in some earlier studies where the protein helped to advance disease, Ezh2 can also suppress cancer. This dichotomy has implications for the potential use of drugs intended to inhibit this enzyme, some of which are being tested in clinical trials.

The enzyme looked at in this study is the histone H3K27 mono-, di- and trimethylase of polycomb repressive complex 2, or Ezh2 for short. This histone writer adds methyl groups to specific histone proteins leading to epigenetic modifications that affect gene expression. The team used CRISPR gene editing to knock out the activity of the protein in a mouse model. Loss of function of this protein due to gene editing resulted in acceleration of the development of medulloblastoma tumours.

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Foodie Friday: A Day’s Meals


Hey there Fans,

Foodie Friday again and today we bring you a whole day’s worth of meals including snacks.

An important part of healthy eating is variety: a diverse mix of fruits, veggies, grains and proteins will ensure your Child with cancer gets a wider range of the nutrients their body needs to provide them with energy and boost their immune system.

Today’s recipe collection features a varied selection of dishes that will get them started in the morning and keep them going through the day – including a few sweet treats.

 

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Reservoir of Chemotherapy-Resistant Stem Cells in the Intestine


The intestine has a high rate of cellular regeneration due to the wear and tear originated by its function degrading and absorbing nutrients and eliminating waste. The entire cell wall is renewed once a week approximately. This explains why the intestine holds a large number of stem cells in constant division, thereby producing new cell populations of the various types present in this organ.

Researchers at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) headed by ICREA investigator Eduard Batlle, head of the Colorectal Cancer Laboratory, have discovered a new group of intestinal stem cells with very different characteristics to those of the abundant and active stem cells already known in this organ. Performed in collaboration with the Centro Nacional de Análisis Genómico (CNAG-CRG), the study has been published in Cell Stem Cell. These new group of stem cells are quiescent, that is to say, they do not proliferate and are apparently dormant.

The researchers describe them as a reservoir of stem cells – it is estimated that there is one quiescent cell for every 10 active intestinal stem cells. In healthy conditions, these cells have no apparent relevant function. However, they are important in situations of stress, , for example, after chemotherapy, in inflammatory processes, and in tissue infections – all conditions in which the population of “normal/active” stem cells is depleted. These quiescent cells would serve to regenerate the organ by giving rise to the various types of cells present in the intestine, renewing the population of “normal/active” stem cells, and restoring balance to the tissue.

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