General Procedures


                                                                  Implantable Port



The Little Fighters Cancer Trust has been hard at work behind the scenes researching and documenting the most common type of test and procedures that your child may have to undergo in an effort to help you better understand and take some stress off of you.

We have tried our level best to lay it all out in simple terms and provide as much information as possible, including videos where possible.

This page will introduce you to vital information regarding General Procedures that are normally done for Childhood Cancer.

Please go through the pages when you have some time – they will always be there for your edification. If at any stage you need some information about a new test or procedure, just type the name into the “search” box at the top right of the blog and you will get a list of any pages or articles containing that reference.


Click on the Pictures below for a full explanation, video, possible side-effects and tips for parents


General Procedures


A biopsy is a test in which a small piece of tumor or tissue is taken out of the body to be examined for cancer cells.

This procedure is done to determine the exact type of cancer that is present.

A biopsy can also be done to determine whether the treatment has gotten rid of cancer cells or to monitor continued remission.


Central Lines

Central Lines
Maintaining intravenous (IV) access for children requiring chemotherapy is a challenge.

There are devices available to make this process easier.

The type of device chosen is dependent upon the type and duration of therapy and personal preference.


Kidney Tests

Kidney Tests
Kidney tests measure how well the kidneys are working, particularly what types of substances are being released into the urine, at what levels and how quickly.

Different tests measure different functions of the kidneys


Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap)

lumbar puncture
A lumbar puncture, also called a spinal tap, is an image-guided procedure performed on the lower back which removes fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord to examine it for cancer cells or infection.

A lumbar puncture may also be performed to inject medication into the spinal column. Children and adolescents are usually given anesthesia or sedation before a lumbar puncture is performed.


Pulmonary Function Test

Pulmonary Function Test

Pulmonary function Tests (PFTs) are a group of tests that measure how well your lungs work.

This includes how well you’re able to breathe and how effective your lungs are able to bring oxygen to the rest of your body.

Your doctor may order these tests: if you’re having symptoms of lung problems.



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